Broccoli grows like a tree with a thick, edible trunk that sprouts leaves, or branches and clusters of small, tight flower heads that turn bright green when ripe. It is at this stage of dark green that it is consumed but if fully mature or bolting, the flower buds will sprout golden yellow with flowers which are edible too.
Broccoli has been widely known to be a valuable source of carotenoids that have antioxidant properties capable of preventing and reducing risks of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Broccoli can be eaten fresh or cooked and is mild enough to be paired with numerous flavours and textures. An exception among the vegetables in the sense that it has high protein content (>2.5%)